Ballistics is the science or study of firearms, projectiles and the effects thereof. This field of study includes the matching of a projectile to a firearm through the comparison of individual characteristics produced by the firearm on various parts of the projectile and the casing.

Suspicious death is considered one that is unexpected and unexplained – either legally, medically or both. This includes suicide, homicide, accident, etc. Investigation into suspicious deaths may include, but are not limited to, a secondary post-mortem examination, review of evidence and interviewing of relevant parties.

Sexual assault is any act that violates another person without their consent. This includes rape (the act of forcing a person to have sexual intercourse – vaginal, anal. or oral) without their consent. Sexual assault investigations include review of evidence and review of statements.

Poisoning occurs when a substance interferes with normal bodily functions. This can occur through ingestion, injection, inhalation or absorption, and could be accidental or intentional. Investigation into such cases includes, depending on the circumstances surrounding the case, blood testing or the identification of unknown substances through chemical testing.

Driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol, other intoxicating liquor, or narcotic drugs is illegal under South African law. The legal limits are 0.95g/100mL and 0,24mg/1000mL. DUI investigations include review of blood alcohol analysis data, review of procedures followed, and breathalyser (including Dräger) data review.

Illegal substances, or drugs, are substances that affect normal body functioning and are forbidden by law because of the effects they have. This includes drugs such as cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine and ecstasy. Cases involving such substances come about when individuals are found to be using, carrying, producing, or selling these substances.

A questioned document is a document that’s authenticity is disputed. This includes wills/testaments, cheques, contracts, etc. The investigation of questioned documents includes, but is not limited to, handwriting analysis, ink analysis, and indentation detection.

Forensic services are useful for determining how insurance claims relating to fire, death, medical conditions, etc. are handled and whether or not they should be paid out. Our services are available for the insurer as well as the insured.

Unknown substance could be anything from drugs, to poison, to naturally occurring compounds. While many substances are not harmful, equally as many may very well be. Investigations of unknown substances and the identification thereof includes microscopy and various chemical testing.

Fingerprints are used as evidence to connect a victim, suspect, or witness to a crime. They are created by ridges on the fingertips that are formed before birth and are statistically unique to each individual, even identical twins, unlike DNA. The process of comparing fingerprints involves analysing each print independently and thereafter, comparing the findings to determine whether or not the prints match. A match or an exclusion is based on a certain number of points matching or not. Although fingerprint analysis is used very frequently in the solving of crimes, the process is not an exact science and different law enforcement agencies in different countries have different standards in terms of what is a match and what is not.

Fires can be intentional, accidental, or spontaneous, and can occur in buildings and other structures, cars, and vegetation. Fire investigations include determining the source and cause of the fire by examining the scene of the fire, and if possible, examining evidence and gathering information from witnesses.

Fraud can be broadly defined as an intentional act of deception involving financial transactions for purpose of personal gain. Fraud is a crime and is also a civil law violation. Fraudulent transactions are made via accessing email correspondence, replicating invoices and hacking accounts. Our fraud investigation services also include scams – scammers are individuals or syndicates and may have involvement in the banking institutions.